School of Business Environment

School of Business Environment (SoBE) aims to build SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, results-focused, and time- bound) CSR ecosystem and to provide a favourable environment for the corporate sector to work in tandem with the Government, Non-Government, Civil Society Organisations and Local Community Organisations. SoBE, in order to propagate and facilitate compliance of CSR rules and regulations under Companies Act, 2013 has been focusing on the complete life cycle of CSR and is having the cutting edge to extend the following services:

SoBE conducts Certificate Programme as well as short term courses in CSR that provide an opportunity to learn from an interdisciplinary team of academicians, policy makers and practitioners through problem-based learning via interactive lectures, case studies, master classes and hands on practice to explore a unique interdisciplinary curriculum.

SoBE also provides consultancy and advocacy services to assist corporate world from compliance and strategy development to custom made capacity building training programs. Our vast experience and involvement in the field of CSR strives to provide high quality support while maintaining a practical methodology within the prescribed time-frame. Additionally, the SoBEalso organises;all overseas programmes related to CSR, RBC and SDGs; CSR Audit and Meta Studies etc.

Research function:The SoBE specializes in Quasi-experimental research. A quasi¬ experimental design is one that looks a bit like an experimental design but lacks the key ingredient - random assignment. Don Campbell, often referred to them as "queasy" experiments because they give the experimental purists a queasy feeling.

    Concretely, the research function consists of the following set of activities. First, quantitative work using the rich data obtained from household surveys (e.g. need assessment, baseline and impact assessment). Second , sophisticated statistical analysis based on the rich source of information given by companies as part of their compliance obligations to the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. Third, using learning from impact evaluation studies to feed forward into policy making at the company level and more generally into design/revision of Government policies. Fourth, creating a repertoire of successful micro ¬ level company projects to act as exemplars for other corporates and development administrators.

Sustainable Development mandate

The idea of sustainable development is commonly associated with the report, Our Common Future, in 1987. The Report was prepared by the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) and was chaired by Norwegian Prime Minister, Prime Minister of Norway. The Report is also known as the Brundtland Report. The following definition of sustainable development was given in the Report, "development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs".

For the IICA, sustainable development means taking a holistic view of life where people, profits (by individuals or companies) and the planet (preservation of) are interconnected and mutually affect one another. Put in a different way this means that sustainable development aims to strike a balance between economic development, environmental conservation and promotion of equity, also called the 3Es of sustainable development. Executives and managers have to simultaneous pursue goals of economic development, equity and environment protection. The 3Es are the three corners of a triangle and the three sides represent the conflicts arising due to the different objectives of the 3Es. The job of the corporate is to try to reach the centre of the triangle by reconciling and balancing the different objectives of the 3Es. This is what the SoBE aims to do.

Specifically, the School aims to achieve the three objectives of the economic development, environmental conservation and promotion of equity. From the perspective of economic development, a place is a location where production, consumption, distribution and innovation take place. The place is in competition with other places for markets and for new industries. Space is the economic space of highways, market areas, and commuter zones. The environmental viewpoint sees the place as a consumer of resources and a producer of wastes. The place-is in competition with nature for scarce resources and land, and always poses a threat to nature. Space is the ecological space of greenways, river basins and ecological niches. The equity standpoint sees the place as a location of conflict over the distribution of resources, of services, and of opportunities. The competition is within the place itself, among different social groups. Space is the social space of communities, civil society organizations, labour unions and the space of access and segregation. Due to the different objectives of 3Es, the following conflicts arise -

Conflict 1 (economic growth vs. equity)

The property conflict is the result of competing claims on and uses of property, for example management vs. labour, landlords vs. tenants, and forest dwellers vs. investors. The contradictory tendency to define property (e.g. housing, land) as a private commodity, but at the same time to rely on government intervention (e.g. zoning, public housing for the working class) to ensure the beneficial social aspects of the same property, is called the "property contradiction". The conflict is generated due to the fact that the private sector resists and as well as needs government intervention.

Conflict 2 (economic growth vs. environment)

The "resource conflict" is about prioritization of natural resources. Corporates require natural resources, but at the same time need state regulation to conserve them for present and future needs. The conflict arises due to the economic utility in the industrial society vs. the ecological utility in the natural environment. Commoner (1971) talks of two types of capital - conventional" and biological. Biological capital in the form of soil, water and oxygen is freely available for human use. Private industry accumulates conventional capital at the cost of biological capital. This process continued for some time will lead to complete exhaustion of biological capital, for example one indicator is the increase in surface temperature. Importantly, with the deterioration of biological capital conventional capital also loses value.

Conflict 3 (equity vs. environment)

This is the "development conflict" and the challenge is to increase social equity and protect the environment simultaneously. This is the most difficult for IICA, particularly if economic growth has to be slowed in order to address environmental concerns and may increase inequalities within countries and between the rich and poor nations.

The SoBE imparts training to empower executives and managers in the public and private sector to reach the centre of the triangle. Action research is also aimed at developing tools for decision-makers to construct a public interest based on the varying objectives of the 3Es.

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    Last Updated:- 16/01/2021
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